In 1978, the government in Afghanistan was peaceful, moderate, progressive and non-communist.
The US government wanted control of Afghanistan.
The CIA decided to finance some extremist Muslims and put them into power in Afghanistan.
The CIA sets up and finances the extremist Muslim groups. Above, Ronald Reagan meets Afghan Mujaheddin Commanders at the White House in 1983 (Reagan Archives)
According to Andrew Gavin Marshall, at Global Research, 5 September 2010, (The “Arc of Crisis”):
Brzezinski said in a 1998 interview:
"It was July 3, 1979 that President Carter signed the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the .... regime in Kabul.
"And that very day, I wrote a note to the president in which I explained to him that in my opinion this aid was going to induce a Soviet military intervention."
Brzezinski said he "Knowingly increased the probability that (the Soviets) would invade."
Peter Dale Scott pointed out, in The Road to 9/11, that "billions of CIA and Saudi dollars would ultimately be spent in programs that would help enhance ... Wahhabi jihadism...."
In 1979, Hafizullah Amine, who was reportedly a CIA asset, carried out a coup in Afghanistan. .....
Amine "halted the reforms, and murdered, jailed, or exiled thousands of (moderates) as he moved toward establishing a fundamentalist Islamic state." (Michael Parenti, Afghanistan, Another Untold Story. Global Research: December 4, 2008: globalresearch.9)
The Soviets intervened in order to replace Amine. The Soviet invasion took place in 1980.
Reportedly, the US plans to break up Saudi Arabia, and several other oil-rich countries.
In 1981, CIA Director Casey worked with Saudi Prince Turki bin Faisal and the Pakistani ISI "to create a foreign legion of jihadi Muslims."
This idea had "originated in the elite Safari Club," a coalition of intelligence agencies, which included the CIA and French intelligence.
More than 100,000 Islamic militants were trained in Pakistan, in camps overseen by the CIA and MI6.
Britain's SAS training future Al-CIAda and Taliban fighters in bomb-making and other black arts. ...
Future Al-CIAda leaders were trained at a CIA camp in Virginia....
This was called Operation Cyclone.
It continued after the Soviets left Afghanistan in 1989.
Drugs money was used to finance the Afghan Mujaheddin.
When Britain was in India, Britain's East India Company turned opium into India's main export.
According to Alfred W. McCoy, in The Politics of Heroin: CIA Complicity in the Global Drug Trade, "CIA activities in Burma helped transform the Shan states ... into the largest opium-growing region in the world."
In the 1960s and 1970s, the CIA promoted the drugs trade in Laos and Vietnam.
In the 1980s that the CIA turned Central Asia into a major supplier of heroin for the world market.
The CIA helped Afghanistan's heroin to reach Europe and America. (Alfred W. McCoy, The Politics of Heroin: CIA Complicity in the Global Drug Trade.)
CIA money went to Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, Afghanistan’s leading mujaheddin drug lord.
Between 1979 and1980, drug-related deaths in New York City rose 77%.
(Carol Off, Back to school in Afghanistan. CBC: May 6, 2002: http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/afghanistan/schools.html)
In the early 1990s the Taliban emerged, and it was supported by the CIA.
"Between 1994 and 1996, the USA supported the Taliban politically through its allies Pakistan and Saudi Arabia, essentially because Washington viewed the Taliban as anti-Iranian, anti-Shia, and pro-Western." (Robert Dreyfuss, Devil’s Game: How the United States Helped Unleash Fundamentalist Islam.)
Selig Harrison, a scholar with links to the CIA, said that the CIA worked with Pakistan to create the Taliban....
(Reportedly the CIA hopes to use the Afghan Taliban to balkanise most neighboring countries....China, India, IRAN, etc.,....from Quetta, to Tibet to Darfur and beyond.....)
Case in point is the PROMISE spyware sold to Khalid bin Mahfouz the eldest son of a Saudi entrepreneur who founded the National Commercial Bank in Saudi Arabia indicted in financing the 9/11 attack and international terrorism and former Chief executive of BCCI and get this Osama Bin Ladins brother in law by marriage to Mahfouz sister.
As well as setting up oil venture with the Taliban regime.
In 1996, Delta Oil Company formed a joint-venture with Nimir Petroleum Company, a company controlled by Osama Bin Laden’s brother in law, financial backer, and sponsor of international terrorism Defendant Khalid Bin Salim Bin Mahfouz.
This joint venture was known as Delta Nimir Khazar Limited and its purpose was to negotiate with the Taliban regime.
In December 1996, the Taliban announced that the Taliban government had agreed to allow a proposed pipeline through Afghanistan.
Delta Oil Company p.331
With Khalid bin Mahfouz, Nimir Petroleum engaged in a relationship with the Taliban regime in or about 1994. Nimir agreed to partner with the Saudi Delta Oil Company, by forming a joint-venture known as Delta Nimir Khazar Limited. Soon after, due to Nimir and Khalid bin Mahfouz’ influence, an agreement was reached between a consortium of oil companies and the Taliban. Nimir’s efforts to lobby for the consortium to reach an agreement with the Taliban regime included a meeting in November 1997 with a Taliban delegation to Texas.
NIMIR LLC p.333
Also note that this was one of the proposed pipeline routes outlined in Brzezinski’s book The Grand Chessboard....